meso-6k_20190221.htm

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 Form 6-K

Report of Foreign Private Issuer
Pursuant to Rule 13a-16 or 15d-16 under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the month of February 2019

Commission File Number 001-37626

Mesoblast Limited

(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its charter)

Not Applicable

(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)

Australia
(
Jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

 

Silviu Itescu

Chief Executive Officer and Executive Director

Level 38

55 Collins Street

Melbourne 3000

Australia

(Address of principal executive offices)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant files or will file annual reports under cover Form 20-F or Form 40-F:

Form 20-F Form 40-F

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(1):

Yes No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is submitting the Form 6-K in paper as permitted by Regulation S-T Rule 101(b)(7):

Yes No

 


INFORMATION CONTAINED ON THIS REPORT ON FORM 6-K

On February 19, 2019, Mesoblast Limited filed with the Australian Securities Exchange new release announcements, which are attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1 and Exhibit 99.2, and are incorporated herein by reference.

 

 


SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly organized.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mesoblast Limited

 

 

 

 

 

 

/s/ Charlie Harrison

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Charlie Harrison

 

 

 

 

Company Secretary

 

 

 

Dated: February 21, 2019


INDEX TO EXHIBITS

 

 

 

Item

 

 

 

 

 

99.1

 

Press Release of Mesoblast Ltd, dated February 19, 2019.

99.2

 

Press Release of Mesoblast Ltd, dated February 19, 2019.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meso-ex991_6.htm

Exhibit 99.1

 

 

 

FINAL PATIENT DOSED IN MESOBLAST PHASE 3 TRIAL OF REVASCOR CELL THERAPY FOR ADVANCED HEART FAILURE

 

New York, USA; and Melbourne, Australia; February 19, 2019: Mesoblast Limited (ASX:MSB; Nasdaq:MESO), a world leader in development and commercialization of cellular medicines, announced today that the last patient has now been dosed in the Phase 3 events-driven trial of its allogeneic cell therapy product candidate Revascor for advanced chronic heart failure. The 566-patient trial will complete when sufficient primary endpoint events have accrued, which is likely to be within 12 months.

 

Results from a prior Phase 2 trial identified the patients most likely to benefit from Revascor as being those at high risk of recurrent hospitalization events and death. These results guided the trial design and selection criteria for enrollment of high-risk patients in the current Phase 3 trial in order to maximize the probability that the Phase 3 results would confirm the Phase 2 results.

 

Consequently, the Company is confident that the total number of randomized patients enrolled in the Phase 3 trial is sufficient to show whether Revascor is superior to placebo in the trial’s primary endpoint of reduction in heart failure-related hospital admissions, and in the key secondary endpoint of reduction in cardiac deaths. In April 2017, the Phase 3 trial was successful in a pre-specified futility analysis of the primary efficacy endpoint in the first 270 patients.

 

Mesoblast’s cardiovascular partner in China, Tasly Pharmaceutical Group, is planning to meet with the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) of China, formerly known as the China Food and Drug Administration, in the first quarter 2019 to discuss the regulatory approval pathway for Revascor in China. The objective is to initiate a Phase 3 trial of Revascor in China using similar clinical endpoints and targeting a similar patient population of advanced heart failure patients at high risk of recurrent heart failure-related hospitalization and death. Tasly and Mesoblast will leverage each other’s clinical trial results in China, the United States and other territories to support their respective regulatory submissions.

 

About Heart Failure 

There are over 8 million patients with heart failure in the United States alone.  Up to 20 percent progress to advanced heart failure refractory to all existing medicines, categorized as New York Heart Association Class III or IV disease. These patients represent a major unmet medical need due to their high rates of recurrent hospitalization, progression to end-stage disease, and high mortality1.

 

About Mesoblast

Mesoblast Limited (ASX:MSB; Nasdaq:MESO) has leveraged its proprietary technology platform to establish a broad portfolio of late-stage allogeneic (off-the-shelf) product candidates with three product candidates in Phase 3 trials – acute graft versus host disease, chronic heart failure and chronic low back pain due to degenerative disc disease. Through a proprietary process, Mesoblast selects rare mesenchymal lineage precursor and stem cells from the bone marrow of healthy adults and creates master cell banks, which can be industrially expanded to produce thousands of doses from

 

Mesoblast Limited
ABN 68 109 431 870

 

 

 

www.mesoblast.com

Corporate Headquarters

Level 38

55 Collins Street

Melbourne 3000

Victoria Australia

 

T +61 3 9639 6036

F +61 3 9639 6030

United States Operations

505 Fifth Avenue

Third Floor

New York, NY 10017

USA

 

T +1 212 880 2060

F +1 212 880 2061

Asia

20 Biopolis Way

#05-01 Centros

Biopreneur 3

SINGAPORE 138668

 

T +65 6570 0635

F +65 6570 0176

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

each donor that meet stringent release criteria, have lot to lot consistency, and can be used off-the-shelf without the need for tissue matching. Mesoblast has facilities in Melbourne, New York, Singapore and Texas and is listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (MSB) and on the Nasdaq (MESO). www.mesoblast.com

 

1.AHA’s 2017 Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics Update

 

 

Forward-Looking Statements

This announcement includes forward-looking statements that relate to future events or our future financial performance and involve known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that may cause our actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, levels of activity, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. We make such forward-looking statements pursuant to the safe harbor provisions of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and other federal securities laws. Forward-looking statements should not be read as a guarantee of future performance or results, and actual results may differ from the results anticipated in these forward-looking statements, and the differences may be material and adverse. Forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements about the timing, progress and results of Mesoblast’s preclinical and clinical studies; Mesoblast’s ability to advance product candidates into, enroll and successfully complete, clinical studies; the timing or likelihood of regulatory filings and approvals; and the pricing and reimbursement of Mesoblast’s product candidates, if approved. You should read this press release together with our risk factors, in our most recently filed reports with the SEC or on our website. Uncertainties and risks that may cause Mesoblast’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from those which may be expressed or implied by such statements, and accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements. We do not undertake any obligations to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.

 

 

 

 

For further information, please contact:

 

Schond Greenway

Investor Relations

T: +1 212 880 2060

E: [email protected] 

 

 

Julie Meldrum

Corporate Communications

T: +61 3 9639 6036

E: [email protected]

 

 

 

Mesoblast Limited
ABN 68 109 431 870

 

www.mesoblast.com

Corporate Headquarters

Level 38

55 Collins Street

Melbourne 3000

Victoria Australia

 

T +61 3 9639 6036

F +61 3 9639 6030

United States Operations

505 Fifth Avenue

Third Floor

New York, NY 10017

USA

 

T +1 212 880 2060

F +1 212 880 2061

Asia

20 Biopolis Way

#05-01 Centros

Biopreneur 3

SINGAPORE 138668

 

T +65 6570 0635

F +65 6570 0176

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

meso-ex992_8.htm

Exhibit 99.2

 

 

 

Mesoblast’s Revascor Shows Great Promise
in Meeting the Treatment Gap in Advanced and
End-Stage Chronic Heart Failure

 

What is Heart Failure?

Heart failure is a very serious and progressive condition caused by weakness of heart muscle and is the leading cause of recurrent hospitalizations in people older than 65 in the United States. In the United States alone, there are more than 1.3 million patients with advanced chronic heart failure who have high rates of morbidity and mortality despite maximal existing therapies. This well-defined major treatment gap in these needy patients is a potential multi-billion dollar market opportunity for Mesoblast.

The heart muscle is so badly weakened in patients with heart failure that it is unable to pump an adequate supply of blood around the body, starving the body of sufficient oxygen and nutrients to operate effectively. The most common causes of heart muscle damage are narrowing of the arteries to the heart muscle (called ischemic heart failure due to coronary artery disease), high blood pressure, or damage to the heart muscle due to genetic, infectious or drug-related causes (dilated cardiomyopathy). Each of these initiating factors ultimately results in severe inflammation in the damaged heart which then causes further progression of heart failure.

 

How does inflammation cause progressive heart failure?

The heart contains certain immune cells called M1 macrophages. In chronic heart failure, these
pro-inflammatory M1 macrophages become activated and release certain inflammatory factors, such as TNF-alpha, interleukin-1 and interleukin-6, which directly cause death of heart muscle cells and replacement with scar tissue.

In addition, these inflammatory factors cause constriction of blood vessels and prevent adequate blood flow to the heart and to organs such as skeletal muscles and the kidneys. This is called endothelial dysfunction, and results in worsening ability of the heart to pump, inability to exercise, and kidney failure.

Many commonly used drugs in heart failure work by directly relaxing these abnormal blood vessels and improving blood flow. However, despite maximal standard of care, many patients continue to suffer with progressive heart failure, thus indicating the need for therapies with anti-inflammatory effects and the potential to reverse endothelial dysfunction.

 

Why is inflammation further aggravated by implantation of a Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) and how does it manifest clinically?

In patients with end-stage heart failure, placement of an LVAD to take over the heart’s pump function can be life-saving. However, the LVAD is a foreign object and its implantation results in further increases

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

in M1 macrophages in the heart and blood that results in even higher levels of inflammatory factors in a futile attempt to eliminate the foreign object. The end result is further worsening of endothelial dysfunction and reduced blood flow to organs In these patients the endothelial dysfunction and reduced blood flow causes a compensatory abnormal network of blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract which results in severe and life-threatening bleeding in up to 40 percent of patients with LVADs.

 

How do Mesoblast’s proprietary Mesenchymal Precursor Cells (MPCs) reduce damaging inflammation and reverse endothelial dysfunction?

Mesoblast’s preclinical studies have shown that MPCs secrete specific factors which convert the pro-inflammatory M1 macrophage to an anti-inflammatory M2 macrophage (a phenomenon termed macrophage polarization). This results in switching off the production of damaging inflammatory factors.

In large animal studies of systemic inflammation, a single intravenous injection of Mesoblast’s MPCs switched off inflammation and reversed endothelial dysfunction in multiple organs including the coronary arteries in the heart. This suggests that macrophage polarization was responsible for both reduction in inflammation and reversal of endothelial dysfunction.

Placing MPCs into inflamed hearts in preclinical large animal models of heart failure has resulted in formation of new blood vessels, reduction in scarring and fibrosis, prevention of cardiac dilatation, and improvement in heart function.

 

What have we learnt from Mesoblast’s Phase 2 trial of its MPC product candidate Revascor in advanced chronic heart failure?

Mesoblast is developing Revascor* to fill the treatment gap for both advanced and end-stage chronic heart failure. Revascor comprises 150 million MPCs. The objective of treatment with Revascor is to use this cellular medicine in patients with advanced and end-stage heart failure who are no longer responsive to maximal standard of care heart failure drugs in order to prevent or delay further progression of heart failure or death.

Mesoblast completed a Phase 2 randomized, placebo-controlled, dose-escalation trial of MPCs in
60 patients with moderate to advanced heart failure. The objectives of this trial were to identify an optimal therapeutic dose and an ideal target patient profile for eliciting a treatment response to Revascor.

The results showed that over three years of follow up, the patients who had been treated with the highest MPC dose of 150 million cells were significantly protected from recurrent hospitalizations from heart failure or death compared to those who received placebo. In addition, the 150 million MPC dose provided the greatest protection against enlargement of the left ventricle and the greatest improvement in exercise capacity. On the basis of these results, the optimal dose for therapeutic benefit was determined to be 150 million MPCs.

In a post-hoc analysis of the Phase 2 data, it was also found that control patients with very enlarged hearts (left ventricular end systolic volume >100ml) deteriorated most rapidly, while similar patients receiving 150 million MPCs were protected against disease progression. These Phase 2 findings identified the patient population most likely to benefit from Revascor and guided the clinical trial design for the subsequent Phase 3 study.

 

What is the status of the Phase 3 trial of Revascor in advanced chronic heart failure?

Enrollment has just been completed in Mesoblast’s placebo-controlled Phase 3 trial of Revascor in 566 patients with moderate to advanced chronic heart failure conducted across 55 centers in North America. The trial will complete when sufficient primary endpoint events have accrued, which is likely to be within 12 months.

Based on the prior Phase 2 experience and the assumptions used in the design of this Phase 3 trial, the Company is confident that the total of 566 randomized patients in the Phase 3 trial will be sufficient to show whether Revascor is superior to placebo in the trial’s primary endpoint of reduction in heart failure-related hospital admissions, and in the key secondary endpoint of reduction in cardiac death.

The patients who have been enrolled in the Phase 3 trial have very similar characteristics to those patients with the most severe form of the disease in the prior Phase 2 trial where Revascor showed maximal benefit. In the Phase 3 trial, Revascor was successful in April 2017 in a pre-specified futility analysis of the trial’s primary endpoint in the first 270 patients enrolled in the trial.

Mesoblast’s cardiovascular partner in China, Tasly Pharmaceutical Group, is planning to meet with the National Medical Products Administration (NMPA) of China, formerly known as the China Food and Drug Administration, in the first quarter of 2019 to discuss the regulatory approval pathway for Revascor in China. The objective is to initiate a Phase 3 trial of Revascor in China using similar clinical endpoints and targeting a similar patient population of advanced heart failure patients at high risk of recurrent heart

 

 


 

failure-related hospitalization and death. Tasly and Mesoblast will leverage each other’s clinical trial results in China, the United States and other territories to support their respective regulatory submissions.

 

 

What is the evidence that Revascor was effective in LVAD patients and what is the likely read-through to the Phase 3 trial?

In the Phase 2 trial of Revascor in 159 patients with end-stage heart failure and an LVAD, a single injection of Revascor directly into the heart resulted in a 76 percent reduction in major GI bleeding events and in a 65 percent reduction in associated hospitalizations. This strongly suggests that Revascor reversed endothelial dysfunction which is responsible for the abnormal vasculature in the GI tract and severe bleeding in LVAD patients.

The patients with ischemic heart failure benefited the most from treatment with Revascor in the Phase 2 LVAD trial. Since these closely resemble the majority of patients enrolled in the ongoing Phase 3 trial of patients with moderate to advanced heart failure, this may have significant read-through to the Phase 3 trial where intra-cardiac inflammation and peripheral vascular dysfunction are thought to directly result in recurrent hospitalizations and death.

 

Can Mesoblast leverage the observed reduction in GI bleeding in LVAD patients to support a potential early marketing approval for Revascor?

Reduction in GI bleeding and associated hospitalizations in a previous 30-patient pilot trial of Mesoblast’s MPCs were the basis of the Regenerative Medicine Advanced Therapy (RMAT) designation granted in December 2017 by the FDA for use of Revascor in LVAD patients.

In a subsequent meeting in 2018, the FDA advised Mesoblast that the defined endpoint of reduction in major GI bleeding and rehospitalization is an appropriate clinically meaningful endpoint and could be the basis of an approved indication for use of Revascor given the life-threatening nature of the condition, and the RMAT designation under which Revascor is being regulated.

In the first half of 2019, Mesoblast plans to meet with the FDA to discuss the pathway for approval of Revascor in end-stage heart failure patients for the reduction in GI bleeding.

The Company intends to seek accelerated approval for direct intra-cardiac injection of Revascor as an adjunct to LVAD implants in end-stage heart failure patients. Should Mesoblast be successful with an early market entry for Revascor then once sufficient Phase 3 clinical evidence has been collected, the Company can apply for an indication extension of the product for treatment of patients with moderate to advanced heart failure to prevent progression to end-stage disease.

 

*The name Revascor is based on the process of restoring the flow of blood to the heart

Revascor is delivered directly into the damaged heart.